declare a pointer to a const (string constant) E. This characteristic enables argument dependent lookup on overloaded functions to work on functions that have overloads in a parent and a nested inline namespace. PPT programmatically using C#. Coroutine and needs to be linked to the boost_context library. a = 10 after function call_by_value. Principal Component Analysis is a multivariate technique that allows us to summarize the systematic patterns of variations in the data. In C graphics programming you have to use standard library functions (don't worry if you don't know functions ) to get your task done. So far, we have used one type of function:built-in C functions, like printf( ) and scanf( ). The Standard Template Library (STL) giving a rich set of methods manipulating data structures, etc. 9 Example: A Game of Chance and Introducing enum 3. Functions Functions allow to structure programs in segments of code to perform individual tasks. Kerberos architecture. 12 equipment and technologies and to provide assistance during use. defines the squaring function f(x) = x2, a popular example used in elementary math courses. If you wish that your functions can be triggered by master key then you will need to change the authorization level to 'Admin'. Nobody will think over about-business activity without finance implication. I am now a permanent researcher of the institution, working in the group at the lab in Caen/France. Library Management System(lms) is a open source you can Download zip and edit as per you need. This is simple and basic level small. The C language is similar to most modern programming languages in that it allows the use of functions, self contained "modules" of code that take inputs, do a computation, and produce outputs. In C Program execution starts with main() similarly Graphics Environment Starts with this. VBA is an implementation of Microsoft’s event-driven programming language Visual Basic 6 and let you run scripts and macros in the popular Microsoft Office applications. Stacks are a type of container adaptors with LIFO(Last In First Out) type of working, where a new element is added at one end and (top) an element is removed from that end only. 5 Function Definitions 3. It was designed to get in one's way as little as possible. Read Posted Excel File Using NPOI Library In ASP MVC With AJAX. You just need to include appropriate header files to use these functions. We'll end this course with a simple article about mathematical functions that will certainly come in handy in our future programs. The Library Management System is designed & developed for a receipt and issuance of books in the library along with the student’s details. Rand is defined as: #include int rand(); The rand function takes no arguments and returns an integer that is a pseudo-random number between 0 and RAND_MAX. Therefore, only kernel hackers should play with the syscall macros. One sample log-rank test. In the definition, the first line is the function header where the name, f, of the function is specified. Bloomberg will copy text/data automatically without Ctrl + C. All the three resources are important to get results. For example the standard string manipulation functions like strcmp(), strlen() etc are all library functions. A Word document, a PowerPoint presentation and an Excel workbook that are used to demonstrate the usage of the same VBA code in different applications (see the video above). Underflow of Floating-Point Values. There can be functions which does not return anything, they are mentioned. C String and String functions with examples: String is an array of characters. You should also have comprehensible names for your variables. Recall that hash functions operate on a fixed-size block of input at one time; MD5 and SHA-1, for example, work on 64 byte blocks. When a user loads a package with library the namespace of non-functions so it's possible to have an object named c and a function named c. Lazy Evaluation. Student information system is system which is used to manage the students. Let’s take a closer look at the five major functions of a reinsurance company: Increases stability and security. A child class inherits the data members and member functions of parent class, but when you want to override a functionality in the child class then you can use function overriding. By John Paul Mueller, Jeff Cogswell. Emergency Support Function (ESF) #1 – Transportation provides support by assisting local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and Federal governmental entities, voluntary organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector in the management of transportation systems and infrastructure during domestic threats or in response to actual or potential incidents. Library Management System in C++ Programming is free to download with source code. Is it possible to use builtins with not linking to libc? Are they any command line flags needed to optimize those symbols as a built-ins? (Related to previous, but rephrased). 1 states that the program copies from stdin to stdout. Basic of a C program. Programs can be linked against libraries either at compile time or at run time. The C language is similar to most modern programming languages in that it allows the use of functions, self contained "modules" of code that take inputs, do a computation, and produce outputs. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow. For parallel programming in C++, we use a library, called PASL , that we have been developing over the past 5 years. I hope you have enjoyed this discussion. Arguments to functions are evaluated lazily, so they are evaluated only as needed. Azure Functions sample that generates trading cards from people's faces. how to convert String to Int without using library functions. Never, ever call a package a library. H To Get Around this Problem, Create a new Module (File Menu) H Add the declarations to the (general) section of the module. A function generated from a function template is called a generated function. The following sections provide an overview of the different functions provided in this library. Like formulas, functions begin with an equal sign (=) followed by the function's name and its arguments. Several function library classes with functions that can be called directly from worksheet cells (not applicable to the PowerPoint implementation). Nabeel Khan (61) Daud Mirza (57) Danish Mirza (58) Fawad Usman (66) Aamir Mughal (72) M. By John Paul Mueller, Jeff Cogswell. The core library includes the data types, variables and literals, etc. That is for two good reasons. This is especially in the case of an unusual or widespread loss event, such as a hurricane or tornado. Douglas studied the relationship of inputs and outputs and formed an empirical production function, popularly known as Cobb-Douglas production function. I want to build a main ppt that has a link to their file and have it open in slideshow form and when their slides are done, go back to the "placeholder" in the master ppt file. either Pthreads or Win32 threads depending on the system. For example, function strcat() to concatenate two strings, function memcpy() to copy one memory location to another location and many more functions. Graphics and C++ This term you can create programs on UNIX or you can create programs using any C++ compiler (on your own computer). The only place for SAP PRESS e-books!. Add Records. Stacks are a type of container adaptors with LIFO(Last In First Out) type of working, where a new element is added at one end and (top) an element is removed from that end only. beginnersbook. C++ have huge Function Library C++ is highly Flexible language with Versatility. Free Comparisons for PowerPoint. TX, Triton X-100. All Inbuilt file handling functions are given in this tutorial. • They save time and space by allowing common behaviors to be written as functions, and then run together as a single statement (rather than re-typing all the individual commands). Library, traditionally, collection of books used for reading or study, or the building or room in which such a collection is kept. As we have seen, user-defined functions have to be declared at the top of the file. When an entity is reserved, all its objects are reserved. A User-defined functions on the other hand,. You spent hours polishing that. Clicking OK to select the function, opens the Function Arguments dialog box, which allows you to choose the cells that will be included in the function. d) All of the above options are correct. The main function should return an integer By convention it should return 0 for success And a non-zero value to indicate failure The program should not exit any other way Letting an exception propagate uncaught Dividing by zero Dereferencing a null pointer Accessing memory not owned by the program Indexing an array "out of range" can do. Azure Functions sample that generates trading cards from people's faces. Step 1) To create a new function library in HP QTP. Main difference from older Functions Library is that it runs automatically and doesn't require Functions manager to be present. •Standard C functions –Trigonometric, exponential, control blocks, do-loops, file i/o, etc. C++ It is often useful to generate random numbers to produce simulations or games (or homework problems :) One way to generate these numbers in C++ is to use the function rand(). Whether you are new to C++ programming or an advanced user, check out the following information on C++ mistakes, header files, and syntax. Document Title Specification of SW-C End-to-End Communication Protection Library Document Owner AUTOSAR Document Responsibility AUTOSAR Document Identification No 428 Document Status Final Part of AUTOSAR Standard Classic Platform Part of Standard Release 4. However, some security issues exist with these functions, such as potential buffer overflows when not used carefully and properly, causing the programmers to prefer safer and possibly. Create PowerPoint. A child class inherits the data members and member functions of parent class, but when you want to override a functionality in the child class then you can use function overriding. There are classes to handle sensors, motors, the driver station, and a number of other utility functions like timing and field management. You must declare and define a function before invoking it. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column. In the present business administration financial management is an important branch. C Standard library functions or simply C Library functions are inbuilt functions in C programming. It will create an item on the Tools menu in both Excel and PowerPoint that displays a "Hello World" message box. Here, all code examples will be presented in C. Originally, C-D production function applied not to the production process of an individual firm but to the whole of the manufacturing production. exe) that comes with Visual C++. Let’s take a closer look at the five major functions of a reinsurance company: Increases stability and security. It completely depends upon the user requirement. A function object is any object for which the function call operator is defined. Here is how you define a function in C++, return-type function-name(parameter1, parameter2, ) { // function-body } return-type: suggests what the function will return. Tutorial: Using the ARM CMSIS Library Posted on February 14, 2013 by Erich Styger One of the great advantage of using an ARM core as on my FRDM-KL25Z board is that I can leverage a lot of things from the community. Inside call_by_value x = 20 after adding 10. This reporting system creates a very complex and large set of spreadsheets that then feted a 100+ PPT slide deck. Take a look at the following, and never forget it again: > fortune(161) You can use the fortune() function without arguments to get a random selection of the fortune s available in the package. How can i change the speed and the word " F " which is for food. Compares the first n bytes of str1 and str2. I hope you have enjoyed this discussion. The C Standard Library is a reference for C programmers to help them in their projects related to system programming. Blank Lines. You can either declare and define it at the same time, or you can declare it first and then define it later in the same block. 2 Installing and loading packages Functions in R are grouped into packages, a number of which are automatically loaded when you start R. The next online course is focused on object-oriented programming. C also allows programmers to define their own functions for carrying out various individual tasks. JD Edwards EnterpriseOne software contains two types of business functions: NERs and C business functions. layout If set to a value like c(1, 1) or c(4, 3), the layout of the graph will have this many rows and columns. From C++ All-in-One For Dummies, 3rd Edition. The general form of the function is: -. Library Management System in C++ Programming is free to download with source code. The core ideas in the library are described in my free e-book, called Guide to Implementing Communication Protocols in C++. NET examples. Position Independent Code (PIC) in shared libraries November 03, 2011 at 06:14 Tags Articles , Assembly , C & C++ , Linkers and loaders , Linux I've described the need for special handling of shared libraries while loading them into the process's address space in a previous article. If you wish that your functions can be triggered by master key then you will need to change the authorization level to 'Admin'. You can issue the books to the students and maintain their records. c: javac Main. Although there is no string data type in C, C has library that can perform actions on strings. Function overloading allows functions in computer languages such as C, C++, and C# to have the same name with different parameters. Classification of neurotransmitters Excitatory neurotransmitters function to activate receptors on the postsynaptic membrane and enhance the effects of the action potential, while inhibitory neurotransmitters function to prevent an action potential. The simple idea is to pass data type as a parameter so that we don’t need to write the same code for different data types. C Library contain several C standard library functions to perform common mathematical operations like Trigonometric, Exponential, logarithmic, Rounding off, Power covering all built-in functions with explanation and sample C program. Health advocacy is therefore an essential function for public health. defines the squaring function f(x) = x2, a popular example used in elementary math courses. If the import list is needed in a MATLAB ® function or script and in any local functions, you must call the import function for each function. Customize SharePoint Online, use PowerApps with Microsoft Teams, and build apps on Dynamics 365. 9 Example: A Game of Chance and Introducing enum 3. The situation is changing. Functions Function: The strength of C language is to define and use function. NET, JavaScript, and C++. Definition of functions Function calling Function definition Void function Remarks on function Local v/s Global variables Function call methods Concept of recursion Function overloading. You just need to include appropriate header files to use these functions. Neurotransmitters can be classified as either excitatory or inhibitory. Function in C program 1. For example, we can make a piecewise function f(x) where f(x) = -9 when -9 < x ≤ -5, f(x) = 6 when -5 < x ≤ -1, and f(x) = -7 when -1 methods. Library Management System(lms) project is a desktop application which is developed in C/C++ platform. These are already declared and defined in C libraries. I only understand the need to separate the function's declaration and definition. There could be some confusion about whether to call shell functions procedures or functions; the definition of a function is traditionally that it returns a single value, and does not output anything. All Inbuilt file handling functions are given in this tutorial. h library and "C style strings" and instead using a dynamic string API, such as the ones listed in the String library comparison. It was designed to get in one's way as little as possible. C++ provides many built-in function objects as well as support for creation and manipulation of new function objects. C++ Function Prototype. A Word document, a PowerPoint presentation and an Excel workbook that are used to demonstrate the usage of the same VBA code in different applications (see the video above). Free Comparisons for PowerPoint. The R Language. Library Management System in C++ Programming is free to download with source code. It uses Microsoft Cognitive Services to determine the predominant. The C++11 Standard Library was also revamped with new algorithms, new container classes, atomic operations, type traits, regular expressions, new smart pointers, async() facility, and of course a multithreading library. Presentation component. Chapter - C++ Functions, PPT, C++ Programming, Semester, Engineering notes for Computer Science Engineering (CSE) is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). NET, JavaScript, and C++. Parallel computing in imperative programming languages and C++ in particular, and Real-world performance and efficiency concerns in writing parallel software and techniques for dealing with them. Meanwhile, heap will be allocated by demand or request using C memory management functions such as malloc(), memset(), realloc()etc. The role of a digital librarian in the management of digital information systems (DIS) V. The function that does this is srand() which takes an integer as the seed: void srand(int seed); It is important to only invoke the srand call ONCE at the beginning of the program. Vortex is pretty fast at most operations; for small functions it may be just as fast - and much easier - to write the function in Vortex. Let’s take a closer look at the five major functions of a reinsurance company: Increases stability and security. You just need to include appropriate header files to use these functions. In this Module we will discuss how this. 8 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Case Study *Chapter 11 Structured Data* Ch 11. Random Access To File. Checking functions: You need to understand this function as it is one of the most important one used in this Department Store Management mini project. h when used in a C program, and the form cheadername when used in C++ programs (note the c as a prefix). To use these functions we need to include the header file in our program. h header file functions and examples) In this article, we will learn the use of 'graphics. Position Independent Code (PIC) in shared libraries November 03, 2011 at 06:14 Tags Articles , Assembly , C & C++ , Linkers and loaders , Linux I've described the need for special handling of shared libraries while loading them into the process's address space in a previous article. Library function getline Used to retrieve input until newline is encountered Example getline( cin, nameOfCourse ); Inputs a line from standard input into string object nameOfCourse. Using this function in Code::Blocks requires coding, but it can be directly used in Turbo C. PPT programmatically using C#. The operator is used to call a function in C. For example the standard string manipulation functions like strcmp(), strlen() etc are all library functions. This document provides a framework to help strengthen public health and improve population health in British Columbia. For read and write from a file you need another standard C++ library called fstream, which defines three new data types:. Programmers don't normally need to be concerned with system calls because there are functions in the GNU C Library to do virtually everything that system calls do. GTE Cybertrust Global Root-issued certificate (Netscape Navigator). 3BSE035980-600 A 25. All Graphical Functions are Included in Graphics. In this tutorial you will learn about C Programming – File management in C, File operation functions in C, Defining and opening a file, Closing a file, The getw and putw functions, The fprintf & fscanf functions, Random access to files and fseek function. They make the programs more modular and easy to read and manage. There can be functions which does not return anything, they are mentioned. There are many ICT tools that is useful for education. There could be some confusion about whether to call shell functions procedures or functions; the definition of a function is traditionally that it returns a single value, and does not output anything. C++ Function Prototype. The constructor of the linked list is making both ‘head ’ and ‘ tail’ NULL because we have not yet added any element to our linked list and thus both are NULL. You'll learn to get string from the user and perform operations on the string. exe) that comes with Visual C++. As in the last previous function, we can type the cell addresses in the necessary argument boxes. These functions are used to permit the transfer of information between the. Posts about 10. Use Slide Libraries to share and reuse PowerPoint slides. All Inbuilt file handling functions are given in this tutorial. I am now a permanent researcher of the institution, working in the group at the lab in Caen/France. Multithreaded Parallel Scalable Sort Harnessing the Power of OpenMP Performance Library - Part 2: Effective Parallel Sort by Arthur V. If you want to automate your business process and export PowerPoint files to images then this code can be really helpful. The second (library) method is basically the same, except that the command. So I'm having to run someone else's excel app on my PC, and I'm getting "Can't find Project or Library" on standard functions such as date, format, hex, mid, etc. Still, all we have to do is place calls to C functions in our assembly language program, and link with the static C library and we are set. C functions must be TYPED (the return type and the type of all parameters specified). The stack function definitions should go in stack. Note that this function can be combined with wordwrap() to accomplish a routine but fairly difficult web design goal, namely, limiting inline HTML text to a certain number of lines. For example the standard string manipulation functions like strcmp(), strlen() etc are all library functions. The math module consists mostly of thin wrappers around the platform C math library functions. A function is known with various names like a method or a sub-routine or a procedure etc. You can issue the books to the students and maintain their records. For the purposes of this example, everything will happen in /home/username/foo. It contains the interfaces, methods, and properties that a server is publishing. Koha is the first open-source Integrated Library System (ILS). Libraries have been a marginal theme. C graphics using graphics. It is a function in which the synchronization and combination of human, physical and financial resources takes place. The text focuses on pointers and memory in compiled languages like C and C++. Creat the ActionResult to read the uploaded Excel file. The availability of a large numbers of libraries of standardized classes is a vital reason for popularity of Java as a standard programming language in modern software world. allocatable_array, a program which demonstrates how a C++ function can declare a pointer to an array, pass it to a function, which can then allocate it and fill it with data, and then return the allocated and initialized array to the calling function through the argument list. functions of C++ 1. Ok, let’s take a look at what is happening in this call-by-value source code example. In PowerPoint, Publish means storing and managing slides in a shared location. There can be functions which does not return anything, they are mentioned. I dont know whether REST can be used in c# or not. The strength of C language is that C function are easy to define and use. As a learning exercise, creating a matrix class can be extremely beneficial as it often covers dynamic memory allocation (if not using std::vector s) and operator overloading across multiple object types. To demonstrate, here is the close() example using a syscall macro. Program development made easy : Work can be divided among project members thus implementation can be completed in parallel. The question I would like to use power of built-in functions (in C/C++ mostly in mingw/gcc maybe other compiler) but I do not want to link to libc, the Standard C Library). C programming for embedded microcontroller systems. The C language is similar to most modern programming languages in that it allows the use of functions, self contained "modules" of code that take inputs, do a computation, and produce outputs. 4 Functions 3. The situation is changing. Sreenivasulu 1. Here is a list of the type library filenames for Microsoft Office 95, 97, and 2000:. Copying and pasting tables from Bloomberg to Excel. Learn how to use strings in C programming along with string functions. Student information system is system which is used to manage the students. CHART D SYSTEMS — The orderly arrangement of the various tools and devices required to produce effective communications. For fun we will be demonstrating Graphics using PC C++ Compilers. Functional programming is a much wider area and cannot be explained in a single article. When a user loads a package with library the namespace of non-functions so it's possible to have an object named c and a function named c. Also consider Related Library Topics. Position Independent Code (PIC) in shared libraries November 03, 2011 at 06:14 Tags Articles , Assembly , C & C++ , Linkers and loaders , Linux I've described the need for special handling of shared libraries while loading them into the process's address space in a previous article. So, let's finally start with C++. Random Access To File. File I/O Functions in C written by allprogramming. NET examples. First the students have to register in the software. The output of this call by value code example will look like this: a = 10 before function call_by_value. This is the next simplest type of function after the linear function. JD Edwards EnterpriseOne software contains two types of business functions: NERs and C business functions. The base library (winrt/base. One of the most important features of C++ is the function prototypes. Static member functions In the previous lesson on static member variables , you learned that static member variables are member variables that belong to the class rather than objects of the class. Principal Component Analysis is a multivariate technique that allows us to summarize the systematic patterns of variations in the data. Pointers to functions The syntax for creating a non-const function pointer is one of the ugliest things you will ever see in C++:. Function or script, including nested and local function — Scope is the function and the function does not share the import list of the parent function. -It is a set of C++ statements. The Library Management System is designed & developed for a receipt and issuance of books in the library along with the student’s details. I am now a permanent researcher of the institution, working in the group at the lab in Caen/France. C Standard Library header files. And for more detail on functions, classes, and objects, please see the companion course, C++ Advanced Topics. Update 22/3/2013: Fix the function bug in Adobe Reader. protocol functions that were marked obsolete since several releases. Library functions in C language are inbuilt functions which are grouped together and placed in a common place called library. In C++, a function must be declared and defined before it is used (called) anywhere in the program. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. The library is the directory where the packages are installed. Download Mini Project in C Library Management System with Source Code [/sociallocker] About Library Management System Project in C: For library management, this project considers six departments - Computer, Electrical, Civil, Electronics, Mechanical and Architecture. However, before learning what callback functions are, you must be familiar with function pointers. The function of libraries is three-fold. *Important functions in String Class. C++ programming language goes one step further and allows us to group related variables and functions into classes with the same purpose - the reuse of our valuable code. Libraries and DLLs: A set of static libraries known as the standard library, which is part of the C++ standard, is included with every C++ compiler. This is similarly true for objects that behave like functions: They can be "smart functions" because they may have abilities beyond operator (). A library in C is a collection of header files, exposed for use by other programs. After Including graphics. OLE2 files include most Microsoft Office files such as XLS, DOC, and PPT as well as MFC serialization API based file formats. by Julie Biando Edwards, Melissa S. A function pointer is a variable that stores the address of a function that can later be called through that function pointer. If you can't remember how to use each of these functions, go back and review the previous sections of this tutorial. ) and databases. One Function Versus Multiple Functions Function Template Amazon F irst of all let’s see the differences between a recursive function and a non-recursive one. In C++, a function is a group of statements that is given a name, and which can be called from some point of the program. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Introduction to programming using C++" is the property of its rightful owner. The transfer of input - data or output - data from one computer to another can be easily done by using files. Functions are building blocks of the programs. Whether you are new to C++ programming or an advanced user, check out the following information on C++ mistakes, header files, and syntax. Before looking at an example, note that the C library already defines _start, which does some initialization, calls a function named main, does some clean up, then calls the system function exit!. Using Formatted I/O (Input-Output) Functions With Example in C. C++ Function Prototype. The role of a digital librarian in the management of digital information systems (DIS) V. This is simple and basic level small. The C++ Standard Library giving a rich set of functions manipulating files, strings, etc. b) Create a function to perform that task, and just call it every time you need to perform that task. 3BSE035980-600 A 25. Over £20 million government award marks Midlands’ bio-economy strengths. At the end of each section, there is some related but optional material, and in particular there are occasional notes on other languages, such as Java. Since Vortex already has powerful data processing functions, and the ability to execute external programs, it may be faster to the C code in a separate program and parse it in Vortex, especially as a. NULL Macro. Pointers and Memory - document #102 in the Stanford CS Education Library. Online C and C++ Courses - The material consists of two related courses, each with an integrated set of notes, examples and exercises. It is hoped that this will give a flavour of the kind of programming which C encourages. fprintf takes in a special pointer called a file pointer, signified by the FILE *. Behavior in exceptional cases is loosely specified by the C standards, and Python inherits much of its math-function error-reporting behavior from the platform C implementation. A high-performance and feature-rich. Still, all we have to do is place calls to C functions in our assembly language program, and link with the static C library and we are set. Use Matrix API and MEX API functions in gateway and computational routines to interact with data in the MATLAB ® workspace. C Programming language tutorial, Sample C programs, C++ Programs, Java Program, Interview Questions, C graphics programming, Data Structures, Binary Tree, Linked List, Stack, Queue, Header files, Design Patterns in Java, Triangle and Star pyramid pattern, Palindrome anagram Fibonacci programs, C puzzles. C++ Library functions stores function in same category. The OFFSET function can be used to build a dynamic named range for pivot tables or charts to make sure that the source data is always up to date. net-)library for creating PowerPoint-Presentations (PPTX => OpenXML). An Introduction to the Imperative Part of C++ Rob Miller, September 1996. Advanced use of PowerPoint includes adding visual interest to your presentation that will grab the audience's attention through custom animations and transitions. Tutorial: Using the ARM CMSIS Library Posted on February 14, 2013 by Erich Styger One of the great advantage of using an ARM core as on my FRDM-KL25Z board is that I can leverage a lot of things from the community. C programming tutorial - File handling in C language. Underflow of Floating-Point Values. The comment in Listing1. In this Library Management System project, you can enter the record of new books and retrieve the details of books available in the library. Welcome to this C# Tutorial, currently consisting of 87 articles covering all the most important C# concepts. We can call module whenever require. Helper Functions to 'misc3d' and 'rgl' Packages for Brain Imaging brainwaver Basic wavelet analysis of multivariate time series with a visualisation and parametrisation using graph theory. How do I convert blocks in Simulink library to Learn more about library, c Simulink How can I go about generating a C/C++ function for each subsystem in my. C++ Note that header files from the C standard library should have the form headername. ex string str = "123" str should be converted to integer. Stacks are a type of container adaptors with LIFO(Last In First Out) type of working, where a new element is added at one end and (top) an element is removed from that end only. If you are a developed and want to create your PPT presentations using C# or VB, then you can use the Office Interop libraries to… C# Code to convert PowerPoint slide to image. It is no different on a function pointer.